10,000 to 6,000 years ago, the mankind started to
make a earthenware and use them. In Korea, they
have used earthen ware from 7~8,000years ago-the
New Stone Age.
From the earlier times, they have made pottery firing
temperature at 1,100 degrees, and some countries-
Korea ,China and Vietnam can make pottery in firing
temperature at 1,300 degrees. Especially Korea and
China have produced originality and beautiful pottery.
In 9th century Silla times, they have had great
opportunity of trade with China and accepted manufacturing
technology of Celadon.
celadon that hasstarted made in the unity Silla times
and developed. And it was the most beautiful celadon
as Chinese said " The Koryo` s celadon is wonderful."
The celadon of Koryo dynasty was splendid and elegantbecause
it has affected by Buddhism of nobles centered. And
it disappeared from the end of Koryo dynasty. In the
course of from celadon to white ware , there is the
stone ware pottery known as "PunChong.", is very characteristic
and wonderful in 15th century of Korea. This characteristic
PunChong stone ware went to Japan during Korea and
Japan war in 16th century and it became a staring
point of developing of pottery in Japan. At that time
of Japan , they have used
earthen ware ,because they could not produced pottery.
When Japan invaded Korea in the 1590s, Japanese called
the " Pottery war "and they took many Korean potters
back to Japan. Among these potters, there was one
potter who named "Yi SamPyong." And Japanese called
him the father of pottery in JapanAs a result of Korea
and Japan war, PunChong ware almost completely disappeared
from Korea, due to the lack of potters, the destruction
of kilns. The Choson in 17th century, the white-clad
Korea, they produced the white ware has its own purity,
chastity and modesty. The white ware was loved by
classicalscholars of Choson and it developed industrial
arts with humor and witin elegance.
The Korean pottery , by base of good natural disposition,
has clear and characteristic, the shape is healthy
and live. The Korean potters lived in deep recesses
of mountains and content to be part of nature, one
with nature. They find the beauty in simple colors
and liberal molding . They accomplished characteristic
pottery arts in this beauty.
Best places to buy
can be purchased at pottery villages,
the Hwanghakdong Flea Market, or at pottery festivals.
Of pottery villages, the
Icheon Pottery Village
and Yeoju Pottery Village
are the most famous. There, the pottery making process
can be explored in depth as well as purchases made.
The traditional culture street of Insadong
offers everything from economical
tea sets to Joseon 'baekja,' which carries a high artistic
value. If you prefer to wait for a pottery festival,
the Icheon Pottery Biennale, Yeoju Pottery Expo, and
Gangjin Cheongja Culture Festival are all great options
for buying and learning more about Korean pottery.